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How Does A Bitcoin Transaction Work?

Bitcoin Transaction Work

When the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto introduced Bitcoin in 2009, the goal was clear – to create a virtual asset that can take over traditional currencies in every aspect. Bitcoin entered the financial markets to disrupt traditional transaction systems. Bitcoin uses sophisticated blockchain technology to solve the issues prevalent in handling fiat currency transactions, including privacy, security, fees, and control.

The beauty of Bitcoin lies in the fact that it can be bought as an asset, spent like a real currency, and traded against all currencies, stocks, and commodities. It also acts as a trustless peer-to-peer payment network that conceals the Bitcoin user’s identity. Bitcoin transactions are more complex behind the scenes than you might think. You rarely send an amount of bitcoin in one go. Instead, your bitcoin wallet and the bitcoin network have to go through a set of steps to ensure that the right amount of electronic money gets to the recipient. As this year started, Bitcoin price is touching new heights every day. Also, some crypto experts predicted that the value of Bitcoin might reach up to $100,000 in the near future. However, Bitcoin’s price roller-coaster ride continues but by any chance, if you plan to invest in Bitcoin. The Bitcoin Circuit is an automatic trading platform that anyone can use for buying and selling cryptocurrencies & it also works with different types of cryptocurrencies. To know more about Bitcoin Circuit, you can read the experts’ reviews on Bitcoin Circuit. Here in this article, you’ll get to know, how does Bitcoin Transaction work?

Knowing Bitcoin Transaction

Since Bitcoin is a virtual currency, transactions can happen only in the online space. Whether someone is buying it or selling it or trading it, everything goes public on the Blockchain network. Blockchain is a decentralized digital ledger that records Bitcoin transactions in a block. This series of blocks is called the blockchain.

To make Bitcoin transactions, all one needs is some Bitcoin, a Bitcoin wallet, a Bitcoin address, and a private key. Bitcoin is stored in a digital or Bitcoin wallet from where it can be used to make transactions. Transactions are made using a Bitcoin or public address (key) protected via a private key. The Bitcoin address holds the record of Bitcoin and transactions. The user willing to make the transaction has to share their Bitcoin address with the recipient.

Every Bitcoin transaction has three components – input, amount, and output. Here, the input is the sender’s public address, the amount is the Bitcoin numbers they want to send, and the output is the recipient’s public address.

How Does The Bitcoin Transaction Work?

Bitcoin transactions may be enabled using a public-private key pair. A public key or Bitcoin address is a mix of 34 random numbers and letters that must be exchanged during the transaction. Likewise, the corresponding private key is a unique combination of 64 numbers and letters. A private key acts as a password to the corresponding public key and must be kept secret.

The next step in the Bitcoin transaction is authenticating the transaction encrypted by cryptographic keys (hashes). It begins with the sender digitally signing the transaction (digital signatures) using their private key. The transaction is then distributed over the blockchain network for verification. The validation process involves blockchain members checking if the sender has the minimum Bitcoin to send, ensuring that the same Bitcoin address and the amount have not been shared with someone else, and matching the private key with the corresponding public key.

Upon receiving the confirmation from each of its member nodes, the Bitcoin transaction is added onto the blockchain. It will now be available for the recipient to acquire. In the crypto community, this transaction validation method is termed mining.

There are a couple of things to keep in mind when making Bitcoin transactions. First, one should keep their private key safe, and second, they must change their public address after every transaction.

Why Do Some Bitcoin Transaction Confirmations Take So Long?

Bitcoin transactions occur at a lightning-fast speed, and the average time it could take is 10 minutes per transaction. But there can be delays sometimes. To understand why some Bitcoin transactions take so long, consider these factors:

  1. Valid Bitcoin transactions are placed into a mempool, where they wait for confirmation by the blockchain miners. Sometimes the mempool gets flooded with the transactions that cause congested traffic, putting the latest transactions on hold until the previous ones get confirmed, which leads to longer than the average confirmation time.
  2. The pending valid transactions have to be included in a block for verification. Know that each block size is fixed at 1 MB as per the Bitcoin protocol, but the number of unconfirmed valid transactions can be high. And it can result in slower confirmation times.
  3. Popular cryptocurrency blockchains like Bitcoin and Litecoin have been subjected to spam and dusting attacks. In a spam attack, a bad actor will continuously send loads of minute transactions with low fees from one address to another in order to slow down the network.
  4. In some cases, setting low fees for transactions can put them in pending status for a long time.

How Much Are Bitcoin Transaction Fees?

Bitcoin can incur nominal fees during transactions. In most cases, users can set a transaction fee with their Bitcoin wallet provider, while in other situations, it might depend on the amount of data making up a transaction. Many wallets allow users to manually set transaction fees.  Any portion of a transaction that isn’t owed to the recipient or returned as ‘change’ is included as a fee. Fees go to miners and can be used to increase speed on confirmation by incentivizing miners to prioritize your transaction(s).

The Bitcoin transaction fees charged to the user are used to reward miners for confirming the transaction. 

The Takeaway

We all know how easy it is to buy, sell, or trade Bitcoin but show less interest or remain unaware of what happens behind the scene. You will now have a clearer idea of how Bitcoin transfers work from this post, why it takes longer to validate them, and where the transaction costs come from and go. Now that you have a deeper understanding of how bitcoin transactions work, you’re ready to begin trading at full capacity. What’re you waiting for?

Lesli Callas
the authorLesli Callas
Lesli Callas has recently joined CoinNewsPulse as a editor and analyst. She has been engaged in crypto industry since 2012 and have master degree in literature and 10 years of experience in dealing with curating content of latest cryptocurrency trends and news. She has strong domain expertise in technical research and analysis.

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